... It is quite obvious that for instance the Catholic religion was proved wrong about it's assertion that the Sun rotates around the earth. ....

That's absolutely right, physically speaking, the catholic religion was proven wrong about its geocentric view. The sentence 'To prove a religion wrong' though may construed as to prove its fundamental tenets and model wrong.

By the way, logic suggests that much of the catholic religion is actually wrong, to prove it is not easy though. How do we prove that there is not an infinite heaven or hell rather many incarnations? How do we prove that Jesus was not the only son of God but one of the great prophets of all religions.

By logic, I concur, but not everyone will consider our logic as hard proof.